Filippo Brunelleschi was a young Architect at the forefront of Italian Renaissance Architecture. He was the leader of a group of young Italian Renaissance artists who became intent on creating a new art and to break with the ideas of the past. Brunelleschi was very much influenced by ancient Roman ruins that he and his friend, Donatello, traveled to Rome to study them completing many measurements and drawings on their journey. The young artists drew inspiration from these classical Roman buildings without being slavishly bound by them. Filippo Brunelleschi’s Architecture most clearly captures the Renaissance spirit of classicism through his marriage between ancient influenced proportions and 15th century Florentine values while using classical characteristics to create new spaces. Brunelleschi based his Architecture on the ancient technique of rational proportions in which the square formed beneath his domes in the intersection of the centre naves and transepts were repeatedly used throughout the spaces to determine the proportions of the buildings. This initial unit of measurement is repeated and can be clearly seen on the floors of the each respective building. Aside from rational proportions, Brunelleschi breaks away from the previous chaos and embellishment of the gothic style and revives the clarity and coherence of the ancient characteristics previously described.
Here at Sigma College of Architecture, one of the top Architectural colleges in South India we give special importance to these history makers that speaks volumes of their culture and heritage and brought in the change that is visible in the world even today.