Definitions of A.P. and G.P.; General term; Summation of first n-terms of series ?n, ?n2, ?n3; Arithmetic / Geometric series, A.M, G.M and their relation; Infinite G.P series and its sum.
Definition; General properties; Change of base.
Definition and properties of complex numbers ; complex conjugate; Triangle inequality; Square root of complex numbers ; Cube roots of unity; De Moivre’s theorem (statement only) and its elementary applications .Solution of quadratic equation in complex number system.
Quadratic equation with real coefficients ;Relations between roots and coefficients; Nature of roots; Formation of quadratic equation, sign and magnitude of the quadratic expression ax2 +bx +c (where a, b, c are rational numbers and a ? 0).
Binomial Theorem (Positive integral index):
Statement of the theorem, general term, middle term, equidistant terms, properties of binomial coefficients.
Concepts of m x n (m ? 3, n ? 3) real matrices, operations of addition, scalar multiplications and multiplications of matrices. Transpose of a matrix. Determinant of a square matrix. Properties of determinants (statement only).Minor, cofactor and adjoint of a matrix. Nonsingular matrix. Inverse of a matrix. Finding area of a triangle. Solutions of systems of linear equations. (Not more than 3 Variables).
Trigonometric functions, addition and subtraction formulae, formulae involving multiple and sub multiple angles , general solutions of trigonometric equations. Properties of triangles, inverse trigonometric functions and their properties.
Coordinate geometry of two dimensions:
Distance formula, section formula, area of a triangle, condition of collinearity of three points in a plane. Polar coordinates, transformation from Cartesian to polar coordinates and vice versa. Parallel transformation of axes, concept of locus, elementary locus problems. Slope of a line. Equations of lines in different forms, angle between two lines. Conditions of perpendicular and parallelism of two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Distance between two parallel lines. Lines through the point of intersection of two lines. Equation of a circle with a given center and radius. Condition that a general equation of a second degree in x, y may represent a circle. Equation of a circle in terms of endpoints of a diameter. Equation of tangent, normal and chord. Parametric equation of a circle. Intersection of a line with a circle. Equation of common chord of two intersecting circles.
Co-ordinate geometry of three dimensions:
Direction cosines and direction ratios, distance between two points and section formula, equation of a straight line, equation of a plane, distance of a point from a plane.
Functions, composition of two functions and inverse of a function, limit, continuity, derivative, chain rule, derivative of implicit functions and functions defined parametrically.
Integration as a reverse process of differentiation, indefinite integral of standard functions. Integration by parts. Integration by substitutions and partial fraction. Definite integral as a limit of a sum with equal sub divisions. Fundamental theorem of integral calculus and its applications. Properties of definite integrals.
Formation of ordinary differential equations, solution of homogeneous differential equations, separation of variables method, linear first order differential equations.
Application of Calculus:
Tangents and normals, conditions of tangency. Determination of monotonicity, maxima and minima. Differential coefficient as a measure of rate. Motion in a straight line with constant acceleration. Geometric interpretation of definite integral as area, calculation of area bounded by elementary curves and straight lines. Area of region included between two elementary curves.
Addition of vectors, scalar multiplications, dot and cross products, scalar triple products.
Sets, Relations and Mappings:
Idea of sets, subsets, power set, complement, union, intersection and difference of sets, venn diagram, De Morgan’s Laws, Inclusion / Exclusion formula for two or three finite sets, Cartesian Products of sets. Relation and its properties. Equivalence relation – definition and elementary examples, mappings, range and domain, injective, surjective and bijective mappings, composition of mappings, inverse of a mapping.
Permutation and combination:
Permutation of n different things taken r at a time (r ? n).Permutation of n things not all different .Permutation with repetitions (circular permutation excluded). Combinations of n different things taken r at a time (r ? n). Combinations of n things not all different. Basic properties. Problems involving both permutations and combinations.
Statistics and Probability:
Measure of dispersion, mean, variance and Standard deviations, frequency distribution. Addition and multiplication rules of probability, conditional probability and Bayes’ Theorem, independence of events, repeated independent trails and Binomial distribution.
Objects, texture related to architecture and built environment .Interpretation of pictorial compositions, Visualizing three- dimensional objects from two-dimensional drawing. Visualizing different sides of 3D objects. Analytical reasoning, mental ability (Visual, numeral and Verbal), Awareness of national \/\ international architects and their creations.
Understanding of scale and proportion of objects, geometric compositions, shape, building forms and elements, aesthetics, colour texture, harmony and contrast. Conceptualization and visualization. Drawing of patterns -both geometrical and abstract. Form transformations in 2D and 3D like union, Subtraction, rotation, surfaces and volumes .Generation plan, elevation and 3D views of objects. Creating 2D and 3D composition using given shapes and forms. Perspective drawing, sketching of urbanscape and landscape.